Supporting Educative Material

Introduction

In case the sun is shining quite strong outside when you enter the exhibition room:
You might find the space quite dark and not see much.

Wait 2-3 minutes and be conscious about it. Compare how the space appears to you after that period of time. You will have adapted your eye to the illumination of the space. Do you know why that is so?

There are few spots in the room where the outside light is getting inside the room and appearing very bright. Observe them and especially the corners of the forms that you will see: How do they look like?

(The cut-out circles on the right side of the room and poking the sun (see floorplan) seem to almost have an aurora)

1) How do we know something is art or not?

What makes an object to be an art piece?

What is your opinion and how do you reason it?

Walk around the space and think about which objects might be needed to touch, which not. 

2) How do we see colors? How does a mirror work? What happens if we see very small patterns close to each other?

Observe the Viewing Objects (see floorplan) – all of them  work with one or more of the named viewing phenomena.

A) Each person tries the different viewing objects out (handle with care): tell each other what you saw.

B) Can you explain how the viewing objects work?

C) Can one of you explain why we can see behind /above/ below us with the viewing objects? What happens in the one, where you can see different colors? What happens in the other, where very small dots in different colors are to be seen?

Link:

Color mixture – difference of subtractive and additive color mixing
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/light/Lesson-2/Color-Subtraction

Mirror – Reflection of light, incident ray equals reflected ray
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refln/Lesson-1/The-Law-of-Reflection

Moaree (interferenssikuvio)
https://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moaree_%28interferenssikuvio%29

(art, physics, biology)

3) How does a kaleidoscop work?

(most of the kaleidoscopes in the exhibition are built with three long mirrors arranged in a triangle. The light is reflected from one to another and creates a repeated reflection. On the opposite side of the viewing hole small objects are moving as the kaleidoscope is turned, they get to be reflected in the mirrors inside)

http://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaleidoskooppi

http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/refln/Lesson-2/Other-Multiple-Mirror-Systems

A) Look through all the kaleidoscopes and compare them. Which characteristics can you find in them? (All have different objects inside, some have foil that color the inside), in some the small moving objects produce a sound when turned, all have different design from outside )

B) Look with the kaleidoscope in different places in the room, turn yourself around and find out where the kaleidoscope works for you the best.

C) What happens with the light that travels through the kaleidoscope?

D) Paint the image that you see inside the kaleidoscopes

(art, physics, biology)

4) Observe the Futurauma models:

A) What time of the day and time of the year it be there? (watch the shadows of the houses and the projection on the screen)

B) What kind of scenery do you see here?

C) One of the Futurauma models has a metal structure that holds the light bulb – that would be the sun. What is wrong in the way it was built? (It is built as if the sun moves around the earth – which is wrong – it is the other way around)

D) Close your eyes and imagines the earth circulating around the sun. Try to simulate the movement of sun, moon and earth in groups of three people (spinning in different speeds)

E) How do you think if looks like, if you would sit in one of the Futurauma buildings and look outside the window. Make a sketch.

(art, architecture, physics)

5) Observe the Map of a City made almost only of Shadows (see floorplan: Paper Model on the wall):

A) What time of the day and of the year could it be in different parts of that city?

B) How many suns does that city have?

C) What can you find out, observing the shadows? What colors do you find in it?

(typography is mirrored, shadows are larger than the paper objects: magnification, color mixtures of different foils, overlapping of different shadows, different intensities of shadows, darker and lighter, longer and shorter)

(art, architecture, physics, biology)

6) What do you associate with light?

What would be the ‚siblings’ of light (shadow? Darkness? The Sleep and being awake? moon? colors? the eyes? Sunset+sunrise? Summer? Etc.)? What are your favorite memories with light? Can you describe the atmosphere?

(paint/sketch that specific detail)

7) Start a list,

that you can continue during the whole visit or workshop with words, expressions, word games, Metaphors ect. related to light and dark, sun and shadow

(e.g. „enlighted/enlightenment“, see sth in a different light, Shadows in the soul, ... -> expressions in Finnish/Swedish)

Draw a sketch, comic, paint

(Finnish, Swedish, Literature, Art)

8) For good weather, direct sunlight, outside in the garden of Lönnström:

Each person brings a small mirror. Form groups of 3-4 people. Let people in the groups give themselves numbers from 1-3 or 4.  Let them find good spots with direct light and spread in the space about 2-3 meters from each other. Number 1 catches the beam of the sun and projects it to the next (number 2) and numer 2 to number 3 and so on. It is a group game: if one moves the mirror, the reflection in the next mirror will be gone, so everybody has to be still and concentrated. The last person projects it to a white A3 sheet or the wall of the house.

Try out to make shadows in front of the mirrors and look what happens in the projection on the white paper.